Biomass materials and their Typical Characteristics

Biomass materials and biomass based industry residues are very important renewable energy sources. The importance of these materials as alternate fuels i.e., Briquettes has been well recognized for use in power generation. While the characteristics of biomass like Calorific Value, Ash Content etc. vary from different geographical regions, the values for typical biomass materials are indicated for general guidance.

Biomass Ash Content % Calorific Value Kcal/Kg. Biomass Ash Content % Calorific Value Kcal/Kg.
Bagasse 1.80 4380 K. Babool [Wood] 0.90 4707 K.
Castor Seed Shell 8.00 3862 K. Paddy Straw 15.50 3436 K.
Castor Stick 5.40 4300 K. Mustard Shell 3.70 4300 K.
Coconut Wastes 6.31 3720 K. Barks Wood 4.40 4270 K.
Coffee Husk 5.30 4045 K. Wheat Straw 8.00 4100 K.
Coir Pith 9.10 4146 K. Soya Bean Husk 4.10 4170 K.
Corn Cobs 0.20 4100 K. Jute Waste 3.00 4428 K.
Corn Dental Stick 3.00 4050 K. Cashew Husk 20.00 4100 K
Cotton Stalk & Shell 3.00 4252 K. Palm Husk 4.90 3900 K.
Groundnut Shell 3.80 4524 K. Bamboo Dust 8.00 4160 K.
Lemon Grass 5.80 4030 K. Nappier Grass 8.55 4051 K.
Mulberry Stick 2.49 4380 K. Forestry Waste 7.00 3000 K.
Rice husk 20.65 3950 K. Mustard Stalk 3.40 4200 K.
Saw Dust 1.20 4400 K. Wood Chips 1.20 4785 K.
Sugar Cane Leaves 5.00 3996 K. Rice Straw 21.20 3200 K.
Sun Flower Stalk 4.30 4300 K. Tea Waste 3.80 4237 K.
Sweet Sorghum Stalk 7.40 4100 K. Sunflower Stalk 4.30 4300 K.
Tobacco Waste 31.50 2910 K.
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